Archive for September, 2008
Louisiana Ethanol Laws and Incentives Compiled by U.S. Department of Energy – Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
U.S. Department of Energy – Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center
Louisiana E85 Laws and Incentives
Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) and Fueling Infrastructure Tax Credit
The state offers an income tax credit worth 20% of the cost of converting a vehicle to operate on an alternative fuel, 20% of the incremental cost of purchasing an Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) AFV or hybrid electric vehicle (HEV), and 20% of the cost of constructing an alternative fueling station. For the purchase of an OEM AFV or HEV, the tax credit cannot exceed 2% of the total cost of the vehicle or $1,500, whichever is less. Only vehicles registered in Louisiana can receive the tax credit. For the purpose of this incentive, alternative fuels include compressed natural gas, liquefied natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas, methanol, ethanol, electricity, and any other fuels which meet or exceed federal clean air standards. (Reference Louisiana Revised Statutes 47:38 and 47:287.757)
Advanced Ethanol Fuel Blend Research Grants
Demonstration grants may be awarded by the Louisiana Commissioner of Agriculture and Forestry for the purchase of fueling pumps that are able to dispense advanced biofuel blends (E10, E20, E30 and E85), and for conducting research and developing guidelines on these fueling pumps. The Commissioner may also award grants for the purchase of vehicles for the purpose of conducting research on the advanced biofuel blends and/or the vehicle while operating on advanced biofuel blends. Advanced biofuel is defined as hydrous or anhydrous ethanol derived from sugar or starch, other than corn starch. Grants are dependent on available funding and further restrictions may apply. (Reference House Bill 1270, 2008, and Louisiana Revised Statutes 39:364)
Advanced Ethanol Industry Initiative
In order to develop an advanced biofuels industry in Louisiana, the following “field-to-pump” requirements must be met:
- Development of an ethanol feedstock other than corn that is;
- Derived solely from Louisiana harvested crops.
- Capable of an annual yield of at least 600 gallons of ethanol per acre.
- Requiring no more than 50% of the water required to grow corn.
- Tolerant to high temperatures and waterlogging.
- Resistant to drought and saline-alkaline soils.
- Capable of being grown in marginal soils, ranging from heavy clay to light sand.
- Requiring no more than one-third of the nitrogen required to grow corn thereby reducing the risk of contamination of the waters of the state.
- Requiring no more than one-half of the energy necessary to convert corn into ethanol.
- Development of a small advanced biofuel manufacturing facility network, which reduces the feedstock supply risk, does not burden local water supplies, and provides for a more broad-based economic development. Each small advanced biofuel manufacturing facility will operate in Louisiana and produce a minimum of five million gallons and no more than 15 million gallons of advanced biofuel per year with feedstock other than corn and derived solely from Louisiana harvested crops.
- Expansion of advanced biofuel supply and demand beyond the 10% blend market by blending fuel grade anhydrous ethanol with gasoline at the gas station pump. Variable blending pumps, directly installed and operated at the local gas stations by a qualified small advanced biofuel manufacturing facility, must offer the consumer a less expensive substitute for unleaded gasoline in the form of E10, E20, E30, and E85.
State government agencies and educational institutions that perform essential governmental functions on a statewide or local basis are entitled to purchase advanced biofuel blends of E20, E30, or E85 directly from a qualified small advanced biofuel manufacturer facility at a discounted price of 15% less than the per gallon price of unleaded gasoline.
Advanced Ethanol Blend Pilot Program
The Louisiana Department of Agriculture and Forestry (DAF) will begin monitoring the blending of fuels containing higher amounts of advanced biofuel, ranging from 10% to 85%, on a trial basis until January 1, 2012. The DAF will also be responsible for monitoring the equipment used for dispensing the fuel. Advanced biofuel is defined as hydrous or anhydrous ethanol derived from sugar or starch, other than corn starch. In addition, hydrous ethanol blends of E10, E20, E30, and E85 will also be tested on a trial basis. (Reference House Bill 1270, 2008, and Louisiana Revised Statutes 39:364)
Alternative Fuel and Advanced Vehicle Acquisition Requirements
The Commissioner of Administration is required to purchase alternative fuel vehicles capable of operating on alternative fuels that meet or exceed the federal Clean Air Act (CAA) standards, including but not limited to hybrid electric vehicles. Alternative fuels include compressed natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas, reformulated gasoline, methanol, ethanol, electricity, and other fuels that meet or exceed the CAA standards. State agency vehicles may be granted a waiver and additional exemptions may apply. (Reference Senate Bill 351, 2008, and Louisiana Revised Statutes 39:364)
State Laws and Regulations
Renewable Fuels Standard
Within six months following the point at which cumulative monthly production of denatured ethanol produced in the state equals or exceeds a minimum annual production volume of 50 million gallons, 2% of the total gasoline sold by volume in the state must be denatured ethanol produced from domestically grown feedstock or other biomass materials. Ethanol is defined an ethyl alcohol that has a purity of at least 99%, exclusive of added denaturants, meets U.S. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives and ASTM specification D-4806, and is produced from domestic agricultural or biomass products.
This requirement will not be effective until six months after the average wholesale price of a gallon of Louisiana-manufactured ethanol, less any federal tax incentives or credits, is equal to or below the average wholesale price of a gallon of regular unleaded gasoline in Louisiana for a period of not less than 60 days, as determined by the Louisiana Biofuel Panel. Additionally, the Legislature urges the state Department of Agriculture and Forestry not to implement the minimum ethanol requirements if the requirements raise the price of gasoline by more than $0.02 per gallon.
Within six months following the point at which cumulative monthly production of biodiesel produced in the state equals or exceeds a minimum annual production volume of 10 million gallons, 2% of the total diesel sold by volume in the state must be biodiesel produced from domestically grown feedstock. Biodiesel is defined as a fuel comprised of mono-alkyl esters of long chain fatty acids derived from renewable resources and meeting the requirements of ASTM D-6751, or a diesel fuel substitute produced from non-petroleum renewable resources such as vegetable oils and animal fats that meet U.S. Environmental Protection Agency fuel and fuel additive requirements.
Alternatively, these requirements may be met through the production of an alternate renewable fuel, defined as a liquid fuel that is domestically produced from renewable biomass, can be used in place of ethanol or biodiesel, and meets the definition of renewable fuel in the Energy Policy Act of 2005. However, these requirements may not exceed 2% of the total gasoline and 2% of the total diesel sold by volume by owners or operators of fuel distribution terminals.
Within six months following the point at which cumulative monthly production of an alternate renewable fuel capable of substituting for ethanol and biodiesel produced in the state equals or exceeds a minimum annual production volume of 20 million gallons, 2% of the total motor fuel sold by volume in the state must be the alternate renewable fuel produced from domestically grown feedstock. This requirement may not exceed 2% of the total motor fuel sold by volume by owners or operators of fuel distribution terminals.
Blenders and retailers will have six months to meet the new minimum ethanol, biodiesel, or alternate renewable fuel content requirements, unless the state Department of Weights and Measures determines there is an insufficient supply of ethanol or biodiesel in the state. Any combination of alternative fuels, including but not limited to denatured ethanol, biodiesel, and alternative renewable fuel may be used to meet these requirements. Fuels containing ethanol or biodiesel will not be required to be sold in ozone non-attainment areas. The Commissioner of the Department of Agriculture and Forestry will adopt rules and regulations requiring incentives to compensate for any costs associated with achieving the minimum ethanol and biodiesel standards.
(Reference Louisiana Revised Statutes 3:4674 and 3:3712)
Biofuels Feedstock Requirements
Renewable fuel production plants operating in Louisiana and deriving ethanol from the distillation of corn must use corn crops harvested in Louisiana to meet at least 20% of the facility’s total feedstock requirement. Renewable fuel plants operating in Louisiana and deriving biodiesel from soybeans and other crops must use soybean crops harvested in Louisiana to meet at least 2.5% of the facility’s total feedstock requirement. In succeeding years, the minimum percentage of Louisiana-harvested corn and soybeans used to produce renewable fuel in Louisiana facilities must be at least the same percentage of corn and soybeans used nationally to produce renewable fuel as reported by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Office of the Chief Economist. (Reference Louisiana Revised Statutes 3:3712)Read Full Post | Make a Comment ( None so far )
Louisiana Enacts the Most Comprehensive Advanced Biofuel Legislation in the Nation
Advanced Biofuel Industry Development Initiative Benefits Consumers,
Farmers and Gas Station Owners with Localized “Field-to-Pump” Strategy
Baton Rouge, LA (September 17, 2008) – Governor Bobby Jindal has signed into law the Advanced Biofuel Industry Development Initiative, the most comprehensive and far-reaching state legislation in the nation enacted to develop a statewide advanced biofuel industry. Louisiana is the first state to enact alternative transportation fuel legislation that includes a variable blending pump pilot program and a hydrous ethanol pilot program.
The legislature found that the proper development of an advanced biofuel industry in Louisiana requires implementation of the following comprehensive “field-to-pump” strategy developed by Renergie, Inc.:
(1) Feedstock Other Than Corn
(a) derived solely from Louisiana harvested crops;
(b) capable of an annual yield of at least 600 gallons of ethanol per acre;
(c) requiring no more than one-half of the water required to grow corn;
(d) tolerant to high temperature and waterlogging;
(e) resistant to drought and saline-alkaline soils;
(f) capable of being grown in marginal soils, ranging from heavy clay to light sand;
(g) requiring no more than one-third of the nitrogen required to grow corn, thereby reducing the risk of contamination of the waters of the state; and
(h) requiring no more than one-half of the energy necessary to convert corn into ethanol.
(2) Decentralized Network of Small Advanced Biofuel Manufacturing Facilities
Smaller is better. The distributed nature of a small advanced biofuel manufacturing facility network reduces feedstock supply risk, does not burden local water supplies and provides for broader based economic development. Each advanced biofuel manufacturing facility operating in Louisiana will produce no less than 5 million gallons of advanced biofuel per year and no more than 15 million gallons of advanced biofuel per year.
(3) Market Expansion
Advanced biofuel supply and demand shall be expanded beyond the 10% blend market by blending fuel-grade anhydrous ethanol with gasoline at the gas station pump. Variable blending pumps, directly installed and operated at local gas stations by a qualified small advanced biofuel manufacturing facility, shall offer the consumer a less expensive substitute for unleaded gasoline in the form of E10, E20, E30 and E85.
(1) Advanced Biofuel Variable Blending Pumps – The blending of fuels with advanced biofuel percentages between 10 percent and 85 percent will be permitted on a trial basis until January 1, 2012. During this period the Louisiana Department of Agriculture and Forestry Division of Weights & Measures will monitor the equipment used to dispense the ethanol blends to ascertain that the equipment is suitable and capable of producing an accurate measurement.
(2) Hydrous Ethanol – The use of hydrous ethanol blends of E10, E20, E30 and E85 in motor vehicles specifically selected for test purposes will be permitted on a trial basis until January 1, 2012. During this period the Louisiana Department of Agriculture and Forestry Division of Weights & Measures will monitor the performance of the motor vehicles. The hydrous blends will be tested for blend optimization with respect to fuel consumption and engine emissions. Preliminary tests conducted in Europe have proven that the use of hydrous ethanol, which eliminates the need for the hydrous-to-anhydrous dehydration processing step, results in an energy savings of between ten percent and forty-five percent during processing, a four percent product volume increase, higher mileage per gallon, a cleaner engine interior, and a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions.
Act No. 382, entitled “The Advanced Biofuel Industry Development Initiative,” was co-authored by 27 members of the Legislature. The original bill was drafted by Renergie, Inc. Representative Jonathan W. Perry (R – District 47), with the support of Senator Nick Gautreaux (D – District 26), was the primary author of the bill. Reflecting on the signing of Act No. 382 into law, Brian J. Donovan, CEO of Renergie, Inc. said, “I am pleased that the legislature and governor of the great State of Louisiana have chosen to lead the nation in moving ethanol beyond being just a blending component in gasoline to a fuel that is more economical, cleaner, renewable, and more efficient than unleaded gasoline. The two pilot programs, providing for an advanced biofuel variable blending pump trial and a hydrous ethanol trial, established by the State of Louisiana should be adopted by each and every state in our country.”
State Agencies Must Purchase or Lease Vehicles That Use Alternative Fuels
Louisiana’s Advanced Biofuel Industry Development Initiative further states, “The commissioner of administration shall not purchase or lease any motor vehicle for use by any state agency unless that vehicle is capable of and equipped for using an alternative fuel that results in lower emissions of oxides of nitrogen, volatile organic compounds, carbon monoxide, or particulates or any combination thereof that meet or exceed federal Clean Air Act standards.”
Advanced Biofuel Price Preference for State Agencies
Louisiana’s Advanced Biofuel Industry Development Initiative provides that a governmental body, state educational institution, or instrumentality of the state that performs essential governmental functions on a statewide or local basis is entitled to purchase E20, E30 or E85 advanced biofuel at a price equal to fifteen percent (15%) less per gallon than the price of unleaded gasoline for use in any motor vehicle.
The development of an advanced biofuel industry will help rebuild the local and regional economies devastated as a result of hurricanes Katrina and Rita by providing:
(1) increased value to the feedstock crops which will benefit local farmers and provide more revenue to the local community;
(2) increased investments in plants and equipment which will stimulate the local economy by providing construction jobs initially and the chance for full-time employment after the plant is completed;
(3) secondary employment as associated industries develop due to plant co-products becoming available at a competitive price; and
(4) increased local and state revenues collected from plant operations will stimulate local and state tax revenues and provide funds for improvements to the community and to the region.
“Representative Perry and Senator Gautreaux have worked tirelessly to craft comprehensive advanced biofuel legislation which will maximize rural development, benefit consumers, farmers and gas station owners while also protecting the environment and reducing the burden on local water supplies,” said Donovan. “Representative Perry, Senator Gautreaux, and Dr. Strain, Commissioner of the Louisiana Department of Agriculture and Forestry, should be praised for their leadership on this issue.”
Renergie was formed on March 22, 2006 for the purpose of raising capital to develop, construct, own and operate a network of ten ethanol plants in the parishes of the State of Louisiana which were devastated by hurricanes Katrina and Rita. Each ethanol plant will have a production capacity of five million gallons per year (5 MGY) of fuel-grade ethanol. Renergie’s “field-to-pump” strategy is to produce non-corn ethanol locally and directly market non-corn ethanol locally. On February 26, 2008, Renergie was one of 8 recipients, selected from 139 grant applicants, to share $12.5 million from the Florida Department of Environmental Protection’s Renewable Energy Technologies Grants Program. Renergie received $1,500,483 (partial funding) in grant money to design and build Florida’s first ethanol plant capable of producing fuel-grade ethanol solely from sweet sorghum juice. On April 2, 2008, Enterprise Florida, Inc., the state’s economic development organization, selected Renergie as one of Florida’s most innovative technology companies in the alternative energy sector. By blending fuel-grade ethanol with gasoline at the gas station pump, Renergie will offer the consumer a fuel that is more economical, cleaner, renewable, and more efficient than unleaded gasoline. Moreover, the Renergie project will mark the first time that Louisiana farmers will share in the profits realized from the sale of value-added products made from their crops.Read Full Post | Make a Comment ( None so far )